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-The temparate rain forest is located in North America, Northeastern Asia and both Central and Western Europe.
-The temperatures vary between -30°c to 30°c.
-Precipitation is given out evenly. (75-150 cm)
-The temparate has wet winters and dry summers.
-The trees are a canopy and close in the forest, but allow sunlight to come threw.
-Other animals are squirrels, rabbits, skunks. birds, deer, mountain lions, bobcats, timber wolves, fox, and black bears.
-Other trees are humlock, beech, hickory, oak, basswood, maple, cottonwood, elm, and willow.
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The Temperate Rainforest are all found within the temperate zone in which there are temperate climates and enough rainfall. Throughout the Pacific Northwest, there is roughly about 145 inches of rainfall (3,600mm). There is a unique fact that seperates the Temperate Rainforest from other biomes. This is that it has four seasons which are; mild wet springs, very dry summers, wet falls, and last but not least very hard winters with snow. Due to the seasons, it limites all the numbers of species of animals that can live in this biome. When the winter approaches, both butterfly and bird species migrate to the south into warmer places to survive.

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There are various kinds of marmots and in the Temperate Forest there is the Olympic Marmot. They have a very stocky apperance since they have a wide head and large shoulders with large, round claws used for digging. These are very social animals since they can interact with other animals in their own environment. Olympic Marmots can identify themselves by touching noses and smelling their cheeks. They are active for four months and a half each year and they hibernate through the rest. Two or three adults with their young live with a single breeding male. Adult females only breed in alternate years and half of their pups survive their first year. The ones who survive take about three years to mature and grow and continue their life cycle. The Olympic Marmots have four types of alarm calls, which are: ascending calls, descending calls, flat calls and trills. They live off herbs, grasses and flowers, but they mostly perfer to eat plants since its soft and easy to digest.


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Snow leapords are also found it the temprate forest.there usually about 900 milimeters long and weigh about 50 killigrams so they are pretty small on average. footpads are covered with fur to provide heat and insulation for the harsh winters. They are usually found in the temprate forests in Tibet and other parts of china. Snow leopards can live to the age of twenty one when they have lived in packs their whole lives.

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The most common types of trees in the temparate rain forest: The Douuglas Fir, The Western Hemlock, The Western Red Cedar, and The Sitka Spruce.


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Temprate forests usually get up to 60 inches of rain a year. This is not a lot compared to the Rainforest but a huge amount compared to the Desert and the Tundra.

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In the temperate rain forest he animals vary depending on the season. The temperatures remain mild but plants and animals go by the seasons that they grow and reproductive patterns are in. Spring and Summer starts new life for animals to be born ,eggs to hatch and is the growth of the animals. Fall is to get them ready for the long winter of them resting. In this forest the plants that use their chlorophyll are the primary producers to keep the growth of the animals that also live in the forest. The floor of the forest is covered with mosses, small plants ,such as, mushrooms, grasses and wild flowers, dead leaves, logs, needles and twigs. Mostly all of the small animals in the forest are primary consumers. For example, chipmunks, squirrels, mice are some of the small animals. Secondary Consumers are on the forest floor. The woodpeckers adapted to finding insects in the trees and weasels eat small animals, racoons eat animals, fishes, frogs, and fruit, owls eat voles and chipmuchs. Insects live as parasites on animals. Large secondary consumers are movles, bears and courgars, deers and elk.

sites:
http://curriculum.calstatela.edu/courses/builders/lessons/less/biomes/rainforest/rainintro.html
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/forests.php